Yusha bin Nun was a Prophet of ALLAH SWT and was the direct descendent of Prophet Yusuf alaihissalam. He was the disciple of Prophet Musa alaihissalam and carried out his work after his death. He is not very much mentioned in Quran like other Prophets. He is mentioned in the Quran twice, without his name being mentioned. Prophet Yusha alaihissalam is addressed as the disciple of Prophet Musa alaihissalam.
Ibn Kathir says, “His full name was Yusha’ ibn Noon ibn Afraa’eem ibn Yoosuf ibn Yaʻqoob ibn Ishaaq ibn Ibraaheem, may Allaah exalt their mention. He was the servant boy of Moosa (Moses) ibn ʻImraan and his successor over his nation after him. He accompanied Moosa to the land of Kanʻaan in Al-Balqaa’ near Damascus.”
When Prophet Musa alaihissalam asked Bani Israel to follow him to the holy land Jerusalem and to remove the disbelievers from the land and settle there peacefully, they all refused to follow the commandments as feared the people of the holy land who were strong and tyrants. except for two people Yusha ibn Nun’ and Caleb.
ALLAH SWT mentions in the Quran: “Said two men from those who feared [to disobey] upon whom Allah had bestowed favor, “Enter upon them through the gate, for when you have entered it, you will be predominant. And rely upon ALLAH SWT, if you should be believers.” [Qur’an 5:23]
Due to this disobedience of Bani Israel, they were made to wander in the deserts for 40 long years by ALLAH SWT. after the death of Prophet Musa alaihissalam and his brother Prophet Haroon alaihissalam during this period of 40 years, Prophet Yusha alaihissalam took over the role of and continued leading the Bani Israel and conquered Jerusalem with them(Bani Israel).
Miraculous Victory of Prophet Yusha alaihissalam over Jews
According to a report, it said that when the last battle was going, it was a Friday evening. The sun was about to set, and Jews were approaching their victory. According to the perception of jews, on Saturdays, they did not work/fight. “You are commanded and I [too] am commanded [from Allah], “O Allah, hold it back from setting!”
ALLAH SWT stopped the sun from setting and it stayed at its place until Prophet Yusha alaihissalam won the battle with Bani Israel and conquered Jerusalem.
Abu Hurairah narrates a hadith that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: “The sun has never stopped from setting for any human being except for Yusha on the evening he invaded Jerusalem.” (Ahmad)
There is another hadith in which Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is reported to have said about Prophet Yusha alaihissalam: “One of the Prophets made a holy war. He said to his followers: ‘One who has married a woman and wants to consummate to his marriage but has not yet done so; another who has built a house but has not yet erected its roof; and another who has bought goats and pregnant she-camels and is waiting for their offspring-will does not accompany me.’ So he marched on and approached a village at or about the time of the Asr prayers. He said to the sun: ‘Thou art subservient (to Allah) and so am I. O Allah, stop it for me a little.’ It was stopped for him until Allah granted him victory.”(Muslim)
Prophet Yusha alaihissalam and Bani Israel Lived in the holy land peacefully. He taught his people the Torah(Taurat) and ruled according to the book of ALLAH SWT. Ibn Kathir mentions that Prophet Yusha alaihissalam lived for about 127 years. After the death of Prophet Musa alaihissalam, he lived for 27 years only.